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The Actuary The magazine of the Institute & Faculty of Actuaries
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FSB bank capital surcharge ‘sound' says NIESR

The researchers believe the FSB capital surcharge of 1 to 2.5 % of risk-weighted assets on systemically important financial institutions (SIFIs) is sound and goes beyond the minimum requirements for all banks to address the social costs of SIFIs' risky strategies.

NIESR points to its recently published ESRC/ FSA funded research in collaboration with Brunel University, which looked into the effect of bank size on risk taking.

The results showed that larger banks do take on more risk than smaller banks. For larger banks, losses not only increase but the variability of losses also increases. These losses are not covered by increases in the capital ratio which is shown to decline as banks get bigger. Large banks can thus benefit from higher upside gains but can suffer huge losses with costly systemic consequences.

Since individual SIFIs have not previously been taxed on their systemic effects, they have only focused on the larger upside gains that come from size, the researchers said. They protect their shareholders from downside outcomes by relying on the lender of last resort for bailouts. The cost is borne by taxpayers who must bail them out because they have become "too big to fail".

Overall the authors' results suggest that the latest FSB package should ensure a reduction in the likelihood of future banking crises.

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